Checking the connection
package causes the
pingcommand to be marked as non-executable, this can be solved by running
chmod +x /usr/bin/ping(which marks it as executable) as root.
There's a chance you may already be connected to your network, you can test this by using the
ping utility to try and reach a host.
PING yiffos.gay (22.214.171.124): 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 126.96.36.199: icmp_seq=0 ttl=187 time=10.645 ms 64 bytes from 188.8.131.52: icmp_seq=1 ttl=188 time=26.950 ms 64 bytes from 184.108.40.206: icmp_seq=2 ttl=189 time=14.249 ms ...
Remember, computers can be configured not to respond to ICMP pings and thus no reply will be sent. In this case, you can try another URL or IP.
iwconfigpackage, as a result,
is provided and will be used instead to connect to wireless networks.
The majority of yiffOS's Linux kernel configuration is very modular, meaning drivers are available as modules on your hard drive. udev will try to automatically load any modules for any devices that you may have installed in your system.
Some wireless chipsets will also require firmware, in addition to a driver. yiffOS provides the
package for these cases. Note that other devices may require
to fully function (like AMD graphics cards) and some may even require
to boot at all (like Thinkpad laptops) so you may want to install it regardless if your wireless chipset needs it or not.
If udev doesn't automatically load the module on boot, you can load it manually by running
modprobe <module name>. You can find a list of wireless drivers here.
Checking device status
To check if the device has been loaded by a driver, you can check the output of
lspci -k (if you have
lsusb-v (if you have
You can also check the output of
ip link or
iw dev to see if an interface was created, wireless network interfaces will usually start with the letter "w".
Connecting to a wireless network
Get the interface name
To get the name of your wireless interface, you can run
$ iw dev
phy#0 Interface wlp3s0 ifindex 3 wdev 0x1 addr 6c:88:14:b0:e0:b8 type managed txpower 0.00 dBm
The name of the interface will be located after the the word "Interface". In that example: it is named
To check the interface link status, you can use
iw dev link.
$ iw dev <interface> link
Activate the interface (if required)
Operation not possible due to RF-kill, check to see if a hardware switch isn't mistakenly set to the off position.
Your card might require the kernel interface to be activated before it can be used in iw.
ip link set <interface> up
To ensure the interface is now up, run
ip link show. The
<...,UP> indicates if the interface is up, not the later
$ ip link show <interface>
3: wlp3s0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 6c:88:14:b0:e0:b8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Search for access points
Interface does not support scanning, then you are most likely missing firmware. In some cases, this can also be caused by running iw as a regular user.
Now that the interface is up, we can scan nearby access points with
iw dev scan.
$ iw dev <interface> scan
BSS XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX(on wlp3s0) TSF: 42496384 usec (0d, 00:00:42) freq: 2412 beacon interval: 100 TUs capability: ESS Privacy ShortPreamble ShortSlotTime (0x0431) signal: -74.00 dBm last seen: 2950 ms ago ...
There'll be a lot of output but the important entries to note are:
- SSID: The network's name
- Signal: This will be reported in the wireless power ratio (dBm) format from -100 to 0. The closer to 0, the better the signal.
- Security: The network's security is not directly reported, information blocks with the names
WPSmay give hints as to what authentication methods the network offers.
Connect to an access point
Depending on the type of encryption used by the access point, you'll need to provide a key to connect.
- No Encryption
iw dev <interface> connect "<ssid>"
- Using a hexadecimal or ASCII key.
iw dev <interface> connect "<ssid>" key 0:<key>
- Using a hexadecimal or ASCII key, using a specific key.
iw dev <interface> connect "<ssid>" key d:<key number>:<key>
- Using a hexadecimal or ASCII key.
- You'll need the package
to connect to WPA/WPA2/WPA3 networks. This command must be run in an actual root shell (
sudo -i). You'll also need to reboot and then enable the wpa_supplicant systemd service
systemctl enable --now wpa_supplicant.serviceafter installing.
wpa_supplicant -B -i <interface> -c <(wpa_passphrase "<ssid>" "<key>")
- You'll need the package
You'll now be able to check if you have successfully connected by using
iw dev link.
iw dev <interface> link
NetworkManager aims to make network configuration as painless and automatic as possible, originally developed by Red Hat and now maintained by GNOME, it has been in active development for over 18 years. NetworkManager can handle a large variety of connections from Ethernet to PPP and mobile broadband, with extensions for various VPN protocols.
Installation and Usage
sudo systemctl disable --now systemd-networkd.servicebefore starting NetworkManager.
bulge i networkmanager.
Once NetworkManager is installed, you can start the daemon by running
sudo systemctl enable --now NetworkManager.service. It should automatically connect to any "available connections" (like Ethernet) upon the service starting. Networks like WiFi networks will require configuration before NetworkManager will automatically connect to it.
If NetworkManager fails to start due to a missing file called
libnss3.so, you will need to install
If NetworkManager is running, you can use the NetworkManager TUI utility by running
nmtui you'll be able to add new connections and edit existing connections, activate and deactivate connections (including connecting to WiFi networks), and edit the system's hostname.
), you may want to also enable
systemd-resolved, you can do this by running
sudo systemctl enable --now systemd-resolved. If you ARE, you should disable it instead by running
sudo systemctl disable --now systemd-resolved.
In order to get the network device interface name, you can run
ip a to get the information for all interfaces connected to your computer. Ethernet interfaces will commonly start with the letter "e" and wireless interfaces will commonly start with the letter "w".
$ ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: enp0s25: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000 link/ether 3c:97:0e:a9:27:e6 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 192.168.0.102/24 metric 1024 brd 192.168.0.255 scope global dynamic enp0s25 valid_lft 4292454283sec preferred_lft 4292454283sec inet6 fe80::3e97:eff:fea9:27e6/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 3: wlp3s0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN group default qlen 1000 link/ether 6c:88:14:b0:e0:b8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
In order to configure systemd-networkd as part of an IPv4 DHCP setup, you'll need to create a basic configuration file at
[Match] Name=<interface> [Network] DHCP=ipv4 [DHCP] UseDomains=true
Static IP Configuration
If you'd like to have a static IP configuration, you can create a basic configuration file at
[Match] Name=<interface> [Network] Address=<preferred ip address> Gateway=<router gateway> DNS=<DNS server ip> Domains=<FQDN hostname>
After creating one of two configuration files, reboot your system.